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 NATIONAL INTELLEGENCE AGENCIES OF THE WORLD

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PostSubject: NATIONAL INTELLEGENCE AGENCIES OF THE WORLD   Sun Feb 20, 2011 8:34 am

CIA - Central Intelligence Agency (USA)



The Central Intelligence Agency - CIA - is a civilian Intelligence agency of the Federal government of the United States, reporting to the Director of National Intelligence, responsible for providing national security intelligence information to senior United States policymakers. The CIA also engages in covert activities at the request of the President of the United States.
It is the successor of the Office of Strategic Services - OSS - formed during World War II to coordinate espionage activities behind Axis Powers for the branches of the United States military. The National Security Act of 1947 established the CIA, affording it "no police or law enforcement functions, either at home or abroad". One year later, this mandate was expanded to include sabotage, anti-sabotage, demolition and evacuation measures...subversion, assistance to underground resistance movements, guerrillas and refugee liberation movements, and support of indigenous anti-communist elements in threatened countries of the free world". The primary function of the CIA is to collect information about foreign governments, corporation, and individuals, and to advise public policymakers. The agency conducts covert operations and paramilitary actions, and exerts foreign political influence through its Special Activities Division. The CIA and its responsibilities changed markedly in 2004. Before December 2004, the CIA was the main intelligence organization of the US government; it was responsible for coordinating the activities of the United States Intelligence Community - IC - as a whole. The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act created the office of the Director of National Intelligence - DNI - , which took over management and leadership of the IC.
Today, the CIA still has a number of functions in common with other countries' intelligence agencies; see. The CIA's headquarters is in Langley, Virginia in McLean, Virginia", Unincorporated area Fairfax County, Virginia, a few miles west of Washington, D. C. along the Potomac River.
Sometimes, the CIA is referred to in government and military parlance as Other Government Agencies - OGA -, particularly when its operations in a particular area are an open secret. Other terms include The Company, Langley and The Agency.

Organization:
Organizational structure of the Central Intelligence Agency
The CIA has an executive office and several agency-wide functions, and four major directorates:
· The Directorate of Intelligence, responsible for all-source intelligence research and analysis
· The National Clandestine Service, formerly the Directorate of Operations, which does clandestine intelligence collection and covert action
· The Directorate of Support
· The Directorate of Science and Technology

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MOSSAD - Israeli Intelligence Agency



Mossad (המוסד‎), abbreviation of HaMossad leModi'in uleTafkidim Meyuchadim Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations (המוסד למודיעין ולתפקידים מיוחדים‎) is the national Intelligence agency of Israel.
Mossad is responsible for intelligence and covert operation which are suspected to include targeted killing and Paramilitary activities beyond Israel's borders, bringing Jews to Israel from countries where official Aliyah agencies are forbidden, and protecting Jewish communities worldwide. It is one of the main entities in the Israeli Intelligence Community, along with the Military Intelligence Directorate Military Intelligence and Shin Bet (internal security), but its director reports directly to the Prime Minister of Israel.
In recent years, a prime focus for the Mossad has been to slow down or halt Iranian nuclear program.


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SVR - Russian Federation Intelligence Agency

The Russian Foreign Intelligence Service - ( Служба Внешней Разведки Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki ) or SVR is Russia's primary external Intelligence agency. The SVR is the successor of the First Chief Directorate or PGU of the KGB since December 1991. The headquarters of SVR are in the Yasenevo District of Moscow. Unlike the Russian Federal Security Service or FSB, the SVR is responsible for intelligence and espionage activities outside the Russian Federation. It works in cooperation with the Russian GRU, which reportedly deployed six times as many spies in foreign countries as the SVR in 1997. However SVR is reportedly more influential behind the scenes than GRU or the PGU was, especially with regard to defining the foreign relations of Russia. The SVR is also authorized to negotiate anti-terrorist cooperation and intelligence-sharing arrangements with foreign intelligence agencies, and provides analysis and dissemination of intelligence to the Russian president.

The SVR Director is appointed by and reports directly to the President of Russia. The Director provides briefings to the President every Monday and on other occasions as necessary. The Director is also a member of the Security Council of Russia and the Defense Council.
According to published sources, the SVR included the following directorates in 1990s:
· Directorate PR – Political Intelligence: Included seventeen departments, each responsible for different countries of the world (espionage in the USA, Canada, Latin America, etc.)
· Directorate S – Illegal Intelligence: Included thirteen departments responsible for preparing and planting Resident spies abroad, conducting terror operations and sabotage in foreign countries, "biological espionage", recruitment of foreign citizens on the Russian territory and other duties.
· Directorate X – Scientific and Technical Intelligence
· Directorate KR – External Counter-Intelligence: This Directorate "carries out infiltration of foreign intelligence and security services and exercises surveillance over Russian citizens abroad."
· Directorate OT – Operational and Technical Support
· Directorate R – Operational Planning and Analysis: Evaluates SVR operations abroad.
· Directorate I – Computer Service (Information and Dissemination): Analyzes and distributes intelligence data and publishes a daily current events summaries for the President.
· Directorate of Economic Intelligence
According to the SVR web site, the organization currently consists of a Director, a First Deputy Director (who oversees the directions for Foreign Counterintelligence and Economic Intelligence) and the following departments:
· Personnel;
· Operations;
· Analysis & Information (formerly Intelligence Institute);
· Science;
· Operational Logistics & Support.
Each Directorate is headed by a Deputy Director who reports to the SVR Director. The Red Banner Intelligence Academy has been renamed the Academy of Foreign Intelligence (ABP are its Russian initials) and is housed in the Science Directorate.
Within the Operations Department of Directorate S, there is the elite Special Operations - Spetsnaz Group called Vympel.

Espionage
According to former GRU Colonel Stanislav Lunev, "SVR and GRU (Russia's political and military intelligence agencies, respectively) are operating against the U.S. in a much more active manner than they were during even the hottest days of the Cold War.". From the end of 1980s, KGB and later SVR began to create "a second echelon" of "auxiliary agents in addition to our main weapons, Illegals and special agents", according to former SVR officer Kouzminov. These agents are legal immigrants , including scientists and other professionals. Another SVR officer who defected to Britain in 1996 described details about thousand Russian agents and intelligence officers, some of them illegals who live under deep cover abroad Mitrokhin-2 Recently caught Russian high-profile agents in US.

Cooperation with foreign intelligence services
An agreement on intelligence cooperation between Russia and China was signed in 1992. This secret treaty covers cooperation of the GRU and the SVR with the Peoples Liberation Army’s Military Intelligence Directorate. It was reported that SVR trained Iraq spies during collaboration of Russia with Saddam Hussein. The SVR also has cooperation agreements with the secret police services of certain former Soviet republics, such as Azerbaijan and Belarus.


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SIS - Secret Intelligence Service (GB)





The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) is responsible for supplying the Government of the United Kingdom with Intelligence agency. Alongside the internal MI5, the Government Communications Headquarters - GCHQ) and the Defence Intelligence Staff - DIS, it operates under the formal direction of the Joint Intelligence Committee United Kingdom - JIC.
It is frequently referred to in the mass media and popular parlance by the name MI6, a name used as a flag of convenience during the Second World War when it was known by many names. The mere existence of MI6 was not officially acknowledged in publicuntil 1994.
SIS is referred to colloquially within the UK Civil Service as Box 850, after its old MI6 post office box number. Its SIS building, since 1995, is at Vauxhall Cross on the South Bank of the River Thames.

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DGSE - General Directorate for External Security
Generale de la Securite Exterieure (FR)




DGSE - General Directorate for External Security
Generale de la Securite Exterieure (FR)
The General Directorate for External Security Direction Générale de la Sécurité Extérieure, or DGSE) is France's external Intelligence agency. Operating under the direction of the Minister of Defense France, the agency works alongside the Direction centrale du renseignement, the Central Directorate of Interior Intelligence) in providing intelligence and national security, notably by performing paramilitary and Counterintelligence operations abroad. As with most other intelligence agencies, details of its operations and organization are not made public. DGSE thwarted more than 15 terrorist attacks in France since 9/11.
Divisions
The DGSE includes the following services:
· Directorate of Administration
· Directorate of Strategy
· Directorate of Intelligence
· Political intelligence service
· Security intelligence service
· Technical Directorate (Responsible for electronic intelligence and devices)
· Directorate of Operations
· Action Division (Responsible for clandestine operations)

Action Division

The action division (Division Action) is responsible for planning and performing clandestine operations. It also fulfills other security-related operations such as testing the security of nuclear power plant as it was revealed in Le Canard Encha 1990) and military facilities such as the Submarine base of the Ele Longue, Bretagne. The division's headquarters are located at the fort of Noisy-le-Sec.

Installations
The DGSE headquarters, codenamed CAT (Centre Administratif des Tourelles), are located at 141 Boulevard Mortier in the XXe arrondissement in Paris, approximately 1 km northeast of the Lachaise Cemetery. The building is often referred to as La piscine because of the nearby Piscine des Tourelles of the French Swimming Federation.
A project named "Fort 2000" was supposed to allow the DGSE headquarters to be moved to the fort of Noisy-le-Sec, where the Action Division was already stationed. However, the project was often disturbed and interrupted due to lacking funds, which were not granted until the 1994 and 1995 defense budgets. The allowed budget passed from 2 billion francs to one billion, and as the local workers and inhabitants started opposing the project, it was eventually canceled in 1996. The DGSE instead received additional premises located in front of the Piscine des Tourelles

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MSS - Ministry of State Security The People's Republic of China

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DPRKRB - Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea


Reconnaissance Bureau of the General Staff Dept(RBDPRK)[North Korea]


The Reconnaissance Bureau of the General Staff Department is responsible for collecting strategic, operational, and tactical intelligence for the Ministry of the People's Armed Forces. It is also responsible for infiltrating intelligence personnel into South Korea though tunnels under the demilitarized zone and sea borne insertion.
The Reconnaissance Bureau is the primary organization within the Ministry of People's Armed Forces for the collection of strategic and tactical intelligence. It also exercises operational control over agents engaged in collecting military intelligence and in the training and dispatch of unconventional warfare teams. The Light Infantry Training Guidance Bureau is directly subordinate to the General Staff Department. The party directly controls approximately 1,500 agents.
Operations are categorized on the basis of the echelon supported. Strategic special operations forces support national or Ministry of People's Armed Forces objectives, operational supported corps operations, and tactical-supported maneuver divisions and brigades. Strategic missions of special operations forces in support of national and Ministry of People's Armed Forces objectives involve reconnaissance, sniper, and agent operations, but not light infantry operations, which primarily are tactical operations. The main objectives of these units are to secure information that cannot be achieved by other means, neutralize targets, and disrupt rear areas. In executing these operations, special operations troops may be disguised either as South Korean military personnel or as civilians

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IRIIM - Islamic Republic Of Iran Intelligence Ministry(Iran)

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